The hottest oil spill has cast a shadow over the o

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Oil spill has cast a shadow on oil and gas development in the United States. Recently, a drilling platform rented by British Petroleum Company (BP) in the Gulf of Mexico exploded instantly, and a large amount of crude oil invaded the Gulf of Mexico in an instant. Although the U.S. government, BP and the drilling lessor Transocean drilling company of Switzerland are taking various measures to try to stop the wanton spread of crude oil as soon as possible, the crude oil pollution has not been fully controlled

now, 950000 people have to tie up the cylinders firmly with stainless steel wires every day to prevent the ruptured crude oil from spraying into the Gulf of Mexico. The area of oil pollution is still expanding at a rate of twice a day. Four neighboring states have declared a state of emergency, and a large number of marine organisms have died. According to the latest satellite images, the oil pollution area in the Gulf of Mexico has reached 9971 square kilometers and is still expanding. Strong winds and waves make it more difficult to control oil pollution. Experts warned that if the situation continues to get out of control, the water in the Gulf of Mexico will bring oil pollution to the Atlantic Ocean and become the worst ecological disaster in history. The US government announced a 10 day fishing ban in this area on the 2nd

U.S. President Barack Obama's main performance: during the loading process, Obama rushed to Louisiana on May 2, saying that the government would "make unremitting efforts" to deal with the disaster, and accused BP of having to pay for it. So far, the U.S. Court has received at least 26 lawsuits against BP, that is, the company is facing fines of up to $3billion and cleanup costs of up to $12billion. BP promised to pay all cleanup costs and "necessary and reasonable economic compensation" on the 3rd

American scholars pointed out that the oil leakage seen at present may only reflect half of the problem, and the problems below the water surface can hardly be traced and estimated. Earlier, experts predicted that the worst case might be 50000 barrels of oil leakage per day (that is, 7.95 million liters, a barrel equals 159 liters). What is more worrying is that the impact of the sudden disaster on local ecology, fishermen, imports and exports cannot be accurately estimated at present. The US government has defined the drilling explosion as a "national disaster". It is also likely to become one of the most serious marine pollution incidents in the history of the United States, with losses of nearly 10 billion dollars

this year is the mid-term election year in the United States, and it is also a politically sensitive period. According to reports, fox said on the 3rd that the Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster was Obama's "Katrina", and criticized Obama for taking measures a week after the incident. During his presidential campaign, Obama criticized the former president for failing to respond in a timely and effective manner during the Hurricane Katrina disaster in New Orleans, and promised that if he was elected, he would show a different posture in dealing with similar disasters. In addition, shortly before the accident, Obama just announced that the United States would partially open coastal oil exploration. The accident once again caused controversy, and some environmental protection organizations strongly demanded that the U.S. government suspend coastal oil exploitation. The White House has made it clear that it will not issue new coastal oil exploration licenses until the cause of the accident is investigated

the United States is the world's largest oil consumer and the world's largest oil importer. According to statistics, in 2007, the average daily oil consumption of the United States was 20.697 million barrels, and the average daily imported oil was 12.21 million barrels. Reducing oil imports and ensuring energy security have always been the energy policy favored by most people in the United States

the ocean is the oil storage warehouse of the United States. The Gulf of Mexico now produces 1.7 million barrels of crude oil per day, accounting for 30% of domestic crude oil production in the United States. Since the 1980s, the Gulf of Mexico has become a testing ground for the latest equipment and complex technologies in the world's oil industry. Major oil companies around the world have been competing fiercely for drilling deeper, larger platforms and higher production. Due to the use of advanced technologies such as global positioning system and unmanned underwater equipment, floating drilling rigs of some oil companies can drill more than 3000 meters underwater, and can be remotely operated in Houston in real time

although offshore waters are rich in oil and gas resources, the United States has long banned exploitation, of which environmental protection is an important reason. The United States has previously experienced two major incidents of crude oil pollution of the sea

in 1969, more than 100000 barrels of crude oil leaked off the southern coast of California, resulting in serious pollution of more than 60 kilometers along the coast

in 1989, Exxon oil cruise ship leaked in the waters of Alaska. At that time, a total of 257000 barrels of crude oil flowed into Prince William Bay, affecting the ecology of the area for 20 years, and some marine organisms have not been seen yet. The following year, the then President Bush signed an executive order to further expand the mining ban and extend the validity of the ban to 2002. In 1998, then President Clinton extended the validity of the ban to 2012

(2) preliminary composition of chain development public opinion generally believes that according to the current situation, the severity of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill accident will far exceed the above two times, becoming the most serious marine disaster of crude oil pollution in American history. Environmentalists pointed out that the oil spill rushed to the coast of Luzhou, and it is expected that more than 40% of the wetlands in the United States will take decades to recover. The U.S. Coast Guard and BP have achieved little success in removing the oil slick on the sea surface by "burning oil" and putting chemicals into decomposition. Environmental groups worry that the oil spill may affect a large number of birds, corals and mammals in the Gulf of Mexico

in addition, pollution will have an impact on the economy. The U.S. Department of fisheries is worried that marine organisms will die in a large area due to pollution. It is better to have a crusher with a diameter of less than 0.5mm under 20HP, and consumers will not buy Seafood produced in polluted waters. The tourism department is concerned that tourists will not patronize the polluted beaches

the oil spill also raised the biggest question: will the US government lift the ban on offshore oil and gas exploitation? Tony, CEO of BP? Hayward believes that the Gulf of Mexico oil spill may impact plans for new drilling areas off the coast of the United States

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